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Lightly the uptake of fluorescent latex beads by ZK1 cells (Fig. 6B). Furthermore, to determine whether the size of dextran sulfate molecules alters the effect on ZK1 cells' uptake of latex beads, we tested different sizes of DS in the binding/phagocytosis assay. The results indicated thatonly dextran sulfate with smaller molecular weight (5-8kDa) inhibited binding, whereas larger 100-500-kDa dext
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Two samples for which only gag or nef was typed, these were classified as belonging to CRF11_cpx. Notably, despite subtypes B and C collectively accounting for approximately 75 infections worldwide [16], none of our sequences were classified as belonging to either of these clades. In 10/46 samples from which both nef and gag sequences were analysed, they were classified as belonging to different
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NAlveolar macrophages play a central role in lung defense [3,36,37]. The class A scavenger receptors (SRA) MARCO and SR-AI/II are expressed on alveolar macrophages and function in innate defenses against inhaled pathogens and particles [7,8,10,11,17]. However, large number of murine alveolar macrophages with SRA deficient are rarely available for in vitro studies. To further investigate the role o
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Tion and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.Tongo et al. Virology Journal 2013, 10:29 http://www.virologyj.com/content/10/1/Page 7 of17. Montavon C, Vergne L, Bourgeois A, Mpoudi-Ngole E, Malonga-Mouellet G, Butel C, Toure-Kane C, Delaporte E, Peeters M: Identification of a new circulating recombinant form of HIV type 1, CRF11-cpx, involving subtypes A, G, J, and CRF01-
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Itada M, Kitagawa H, Igarashi K, Hirose S, Kanakubo Y: Polyamine lowered the hepatic lipid peroxide level in rats. Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol 1988, 62:235-249. Merentie M, Uimari A, Pietil?M, Sinervirta R, Kein en TA, Veps nen J, Khomutov A, Grigorenko N, Herzig KH, J ne J, Alhonen L: Oxidative stress and inflammation in the pathogenesis of activated polyamine catabolism-induced acute pancr
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Hat three clones ZK1, ZK2 and ZK6 were obtained by limiting dilution and further characterized. Our PCR genotyping results verified these three clones, ZK1, ZK2 and ZK6 are MARCO-/- and SR-AI/ II-/--deficient (Fig. 1). These cell lines are able to grow rapidly in RPMI or DMEM complete media in the absence of exogenous M-CSF or other growth factors, and their doubling time is 12?6 h on the average
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Itada M, Kitagawa H, Igarashi K, Hirose S, Kanakubo Y: Polyamine lowered the hepatic lipid peroxide level in rats. Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol 1988, 62:235-249. Merentie M, Uimari A, Pietil?M, Sinervirta R, Kein en TA, Veps nen J, Khomutov A, Grigorenko N, Herzig KH, J ne J, Alhonen L: Oxidative stress and inflammation in the pathogenesis of activated polyamine catabolism-induced acute pancr
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Itada M, Kitagawa H, Igarashi K, Hirose S, Kanakubo Y: Polyamine lowered the hepatic lipid peroxide level in rats. Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol 1988, 62:235-249. Merentie M, Uimari A, Pietil?M, Sinervirta R, Kein en TA, Veps nen J, Khomutov A, Grigorenko N, Herzig KH, J ne J, Alhonen L: Oxidative stress and inflammation in the pathogenesis of activated polyamine catabolism-induced acute pancr