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Evelop and validate a Pregnancy Symptoms Inventory for use by health professionals. Methods: A list of symptoms was generated via expert consultation with health professionals. Focus groups were conducted with pregnant women. The inventory was tested for face validity and piloted for readability and comprehension. For test-re-test reliability, the tool was administered to the same women 2 to 3 day
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Husbands was associated with minor injuries in 44.7 of cases and permanent deformity in 10.9 of cases [14]. A study in the United States of America revealed that 256 intentionally injured women had a total of 434 contusions and abrasions, 89 lacerations and 41 fractures and dislocations [38]. A WHO multi-country study reported that in Thailand over 20 of ever-injured women reported that they ha
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Uch as the McGill Nausea Questionnaire [9], The Fatigue System Checklist (FSC) [10], Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire [11], ICIQ-SF (International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form) [12] and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) [13]. While these instruments may be helpful in identifying particular symptoms they do not allow the examination of all potential symptoms and it i
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And intervention strategies for children who are at risk.LimitationsThis study has a number of limitations. The findings cannot be inferred to all women in Iraqi Kurdistan region as the study included a hospital-based convenience sample of participants from Erbil city only. The study is subjected to selection bias due to the different inclusion and exclusion criteria. For example the women whom hu
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And intervention strategies for children who are at risk.LimitationsThis study has a number of limitations. The findings cannot be inferred to all women in Iraqi Kurdistan region as the study included a hospital-based convenience sample of participants from Erbil city only. The study is subjected to selection bias due to the different inclusion and exclusion criteria. For example the women whom hu
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Of cases of emotional distress were attributed to IPV [40]. Studies in New Zeland and Spain and the WHO multi-country study, however, revealed negative association between partners' violence and mental health [41]. As the children who live in violent homes are at increased risk of child abuse [42], increased attention is now being focused on the children who witness domestic violence. Research est
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Husbands was associated with minor injuries in 44.7 of cases and permanent deformity in 10.9 of cases [14]. A study in the United States of America revealed that 256 intentionally injured women had a total of 434 contusions and abrasions, 89 lacerations and 41 fractures and dislocations [38]. A WHO multi-country study reported that in Thailand over 20 of ever-injured women reported that they ha
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Uch as the McGill Nausea Questionnaire [9], The Fatigue System Checklist (FSC) [10], Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire [11], ICIQ-SF (International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form) [12] and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) [13]. While these instruments may be helpful in identifying particular symptoms they do not allow the examination of all potential symptoms and it i