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Of cases of emotional distress were attributed to IPV [40]. Studies in New Zeland and Spain and the WHO multi-country study, however, revealed negative association between partners' violence and mental health [41]. As the children who live in violent homes are at increased risk of child abuse [42], increased attention is now being focused on the children who witness domestic violence. Research est
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D are predominantly associated with normal physiological changes that occur during this time. Much of the literature reports on one or two specific symptoms but does not examine the range of potential symptoms possible during this time [1,2]. The need for such an instrument became apparent when designing our pregnancy intervention study [3]. Lifestyle and other interventions during pregnancy have
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E not available for all women. Furthermore the numbers of women in early menopause were few. These complications of data led us to the crude analysis used in the study. However, our analysis was good enough to show the variability between women, and suggest the need for larger follow-up studies to describe the natural course of menopausal symptoms. To estimate the duration of symptoms among unsele
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Cross sectional survey of women attending general practice. BMJ 2002, 324:1?. 23. Garcia-Moreno C, Jansen HAFM, Ellsberg M, Heise L, Watts C: WHO multicountry study on women's health and domestic violence against women: initial results on prevalence, health outcomes, and women's responses. Geneva: WHO; 2005. 24. Saltzman LE, Fanslow JL, McMahon PM, Shelley GA: Intimate partner violence surveillanc
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Is considerably higher than the rates reportedTable 2 Prevalence of lifetime and past year emotional abuse by intimate partner against womenType of violence No. Lifetime (overall) Insult Scaring/intimidation Humiliation Threatening to remarry Threatening to harm Threatening to divorce Past year (overall) Insult Scaring/intimidation Humiliation Threatening to remarry Threatening to harm Threatening
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Unmilola OM, Taiwo LO: Experience of menopausal symptoms by women in an urban community in Ibadan, Nigeria. Menopause 2008, 16:1?. 5. R str K, Bengtsson C, Lissner L, Milsom I, Sundh V, Bj kelund C: A longitudinal study of the treatment of hot flushes: the population study of women in Gothenburg during a quarter of a century. Menopause 2002, 9:156?61. 6. National Institutes of Health state of sci
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Unmilola OM, Taiwo LO: Experience of menopausal symptoms by women in an urban community in Ibadan, Nigeria. Menopause 2008, 16:1?. 5. R str K, Bengtsson C, Lissner L, Milsom I, Sundh V, Bj kelund C: A longitudinal study of the treatment of hot flushes: the population study of women in Gothenburg during a quarter of a century. Menopause 2002, 9:156?61. 6. National Institutes of Health state of sci
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And intervention strategies for children who are at risk.LimitationsThis study has a number of limitations. The findings cannot be inferred to all women in Iraqi Kurdistan region as the study included a hospital-based convenience sample of participants from Erbil city only. The study is subjected to selection bias due to the different inclusion and exclusion criteria. For example the women whom hu