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Ional role of miRNAs in colorectal cancer, such as miRNA-21 (miR-21), miR-31, miR-34b/c, miR-135b, miR-137, miR-143, miR-145, miR-148a, miR200, and miR-203 [21?9]. Moreover, a few reports have focused on the relationship between BRAF mutations and some miRNA alterations in other cancers, although their miRNA expression profiles were not similar [30?2]. However, whether the BRAF-mutant-specific miR
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Yolk removal. Embryos with yolk (Y) were analysed in comparison with embryos after one-step deyolking (D) or after two additional wash steps (W). A. Total protein amount per embryo as determined by DC protein assay (Bio-Rad). B. Coomassie stain (0.5 embryos loaded per lane). C. Western blot against Tubulin and MEK (0.5 embryos loaded per lane). While yolk proteins were efficiently depleted, recove
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Rms and degradation products of the predominant yolk protein Vitellogenin were spread over large parts of the gel (three boxes). Vitellogenin was identified by mass spectrometry. B. Embryo at high stage (3 1/3 hpf). The volume of the yolk cell exceeds the volume of the cells constituting the embryo proper. functions as a nutritional source for the developing embryo [6]. Figure 1A demonstrates how
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Ing glioblastoma cells to apoptosis. J Clin Oncol 2005, 23: 2411?422. Paulus W, Baur I, Beutler AS, Reeves SA: Diffuse brain invasion of glioma cells requires beta 1 integrins. Lab Invest 1996, 75:819?26. Uhm JH, Gladson CL, Rao JS: The role of integrins in the malignant phenotype of gliomas. Front Biosci 1999, 4:D188 199. Lipinski CA, Tran NL, Bay C, Kloss J, McDonough WS, Beaudry C, Berens ME, L
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Opathol Exp Neurol 2008, 67:456?69. Le Mercier M, Fortin S, Mathieu V, Roland I, Spiegl-Kreinecker S, Haibe-Kains B, Bontempi G, Decaestecker C, Berger W, Lefranc F, Kiss R: Galectin-1 proangiogenic and promigratory effects in the Hs683 oligodendroglioma25.26.27.28.29.30.31. 32.33.34.35.36.37.38.39.40.41.42. 43. 44.model are partly mediated through the control of BEX2 expression. Neoplasia 2009, 1
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Ed by the current ones, highlight a major role for galectin-1 in GBM invasiveness. The characteristic malignant phenotype of glioblastoma extends beyond aggressive invasion. This tumor develops resistance to chemo- and radio-therapy, it promotes neoangiogenesis, and it seems to benefit from immune privilege. Interestingly, galectin-1 may play a role in promoting each of these phenotypes. While gal
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Yolk removal. Embryos with yolk (Y) were analysed in comparison with embryos after one-step deyolking (D) or after two additional wash steps (W). A. Total protein amount per embryo as determined by DC protein assay (Bio-Rad). B. Coomassie stain (0.5 embryos loaded per lane). C. Western blot against Tubulin and MEK (0.5 embryos loaded per lane). While yolk proteins were efficiently depleted, recove
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E study targeted larval stages 48 or 72 hpf (hours post fertilization), when the yolk to cell mass ratio is already decreased [5], however, without identifying the proteins. Therefore, it remains unclear whether at this stage analysis without deyolking provides satisfactory information about cellular proteins. Thus, the develop-ment of a reliable method to remove the interfering yolk from cells on